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Sunday, September 16, 2012

17/18th Century Amulet Reconstructed - Part 6 [image corrected 29/11/2013]

Having perused the Ineffable Name and the two accompanying Divine Names directly below and above it, i.e. Ehyeh and Agala'a, we note this central set of Divine Names include the "Forty-two Letter Name of God" with the six-letter abbreviation of the concluding phrase traditionally accompanying this Divine Name. Encompassing the Agala'a/YHVH/ Ehyeh combination, the construct reads:
The forty-two letters of this enigmatic Name are divided into seven groups of six letters each, and a variety of ways have been offered as far as the actual pronunciation of this Divine Name is concerned. As noted in the amulet under consideration, the following often employed abbreviation is appended to the "Forty-two Letter Name":
Transliteration:
Baruch shem k’vod malchuto l'lam va'ed
Translation:
Blessed be the Name of His glorious Kingdom throughout eternity.
Now, we are told the primary "secret" of the "Forty-two Letter Name" pertains to Ma'aseh B'reshit, i.e. the "Workings of Creation." Furthermore, as I noted in "The Book of Sacred Names," "contemplation and meditation on this special Divine Name is said to have the power to elevate the 'Soul,' raising it from 'Olam ha-Asiyah,' the physical 'Realm of Action,' to 'Olam ha-Yetzirah,' the higher 'Realm of Formation'." I also noted that "the letters of the 'Forty-two Letter Name' are said to 'manifest' as forty-two 'shining lights' which are expressed in forty-two unique 'spiritual forms'," and that "these 'forms' pertain to sets of Divine Names and associated 'Spirit Intelligences' directly related to the component letters of the 'Forty-two Letter Name'."
Having addressed these special "Spirit Forces" inherent in the Divine Name in question in great detail in the oft mentioned "The Book of Sacred Names," including a set of practical procedures of aligning with these powers, I only need to add here that the "Forty-two Letter Name of God" also relates to the sphere of Gevurah (Strength/Severity) on the sefirotic tree, hence the inclusion of this Divine Name in the Kamea, again concerns the invocation of the special "powers of protection" inherent within the very letters of this Name.
Next, we note the core of the amulet includes the four letters of the Ineffable Name located in the four corners of the central square containing the Divine Name construct we have been addressing, i.e. (Yod) in upper right corner, (Heh) in the lower right, (Vav) upper left corner, and the concluding (Heh) lower left. Plainly, the omnipotent dominion of the Ineffable Name is being emphasized here, equally asserting this Kamea to be a most potent "power object," so to speak.
The middle portion of the amulet is completed with a set of Divine and Angelic Names which are in turn enclosing the central construct we have been addressing. These can be traced:
Transliteration:
(Bottom) Gavri’el Micha’el Rafa’el Ori’el.....
(Left) Shamri’el Chasdi’el Anaktam.....
(Top) Pastam Paspasim Dionsim Sanoi.....
(Right) v’Sansanoi v’Semangelof Azbugah
Translation:
(Bottom) Gabriel Michael Rafael Oriel.....
(Left) Shamriel Chasdiel Anaktam.....
(Top) Pastam Paspasim Dionsim Sanoi.....
(Right) and Sansanoi and Semangelof Azbugah
The opening set of six Angelic Names is well-known. This is succeeded by the so-called "Twenty-two Letter Name of God," i.e. (Anaktam Pastam Paspasim Dionsim [also vocalised ’naket’ma P’sotam P’sips’yema Dayev’soyam]). This Name is traditionally employed at the conclusion of the "Priestly Benediction" uttered during Rosh Hashanah, and is often included in Hebrew amulets. We are informed that this peculiar Divine Name comprises a transposition of the twenty-two letters of the first five words of the priestly blessing in Numbers 6:24–25, these being:
Transliteration:
Y'varech'cha YHVH v'yishm'recha ya'er YHVH
Translation:
YHVH bless thee and keep thee, shine YHVH
Be that as it may, the "Twenty-two Letter Name" is in turn succeeded by the names of three curious Angelic personages, who are often included in the form of bird-like depictions on Hebrew amulets constructed to protect mothers and infants against Lilit, the first wife of Adam, whose remonstrations regarding her marital status ultimately resulted in her becoming the "mother of all demons." We are told that she is not only a sexual temptress of the first order, who, according to the Talmudic legend, lurks around for shed seed, stealing it with the intention of creating demons in order to torture mankind, but that she is also a killer of infants. Regarding the latter behaviour, the three angels Sanoi, Sansanoi and Semangelof (or Sana'ui, Sansina'ui and S'mang'lof according to the Shorshei ha-Shemot), were sent to stop her in her tracks, and hence their names are included in amulets protecting women during childbirth, as well as in those safeguarding infants. As shown, the set of Divine and Angelic Names under consideration is concluded with a repeat of the previously addressed Divine Name Azbugah.
Next we note that all the mentioned central Divine and Angelic Names are, as it were, enveloped in an outer square commencing with the first portion of Deuteronomy 7:15 and continuing with Psalm 91:10—11. This portion of the Kamea is concluded with a Hebrew abbreviation, the whole reading:
Transliteration:
(Right) [Deuteronomy 7:15] v'hesir YHVH mimcha kol choli v'chol madvei.....
(Bottom) mitzrayim..... [Psalm 91:10] lo t’uneh alecha ra'ah.....
(Left) v'nega lo yikrav b'ahalecha ki malachav.....
(Top) y'tzaveh lach lishmarcha b'chol d'rachecha ANS (Omein Nitzach Selah)
Translation:
(Right) [Deuteronomy 7:15] And YHVH will take away from thee all sickness; and He will put on none of the evil diseases of .....
(Bottom) Egypt..... [Psalm 91:10—11] There shall no evil befall thee.....
(Left) neither shall any plague come nigh thy tent, For He will give His angels.....
(Top) charge over thee to keep thee in all thy ways ANS [Amen Victory Selah]
(More to follow)